This Week in Maternity... Maternal Morbidity & Mortality rates in US and Shoulder Dystocia explained
Rural-Urban differences in severe Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in the US, 2007-2015
In the United States, severe maternal morbidity and mortality is climbing—a reality that is especially challenging for rural communities, which face declining access to obstetric services.
This study found that severe maternal morbidity and mortality increased among both rural and urban residents in the study period, from 109 per 10,000 childbirth hospitalizations in 2007 to 152 per 10,000 in 2015.
Rural residents had a 9 percent greater probability of severe maternal morbidity and mortality, compared with urban residents. Attention to the challenges (both clinical and social factors) faced by rural patients and health care facilities is crucial to the success of efforts to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality in rural areas.
Read more: www.healthaffairs.org/doi/abs/10.1377/hlthaff.2019.00805
Labour Room Emergencies - Shoulder Dystocia
Shoulder dystocia, an obstetrician’s nightmare, represents an important cause for increase in morbidity of the mother and fetus. it is documented as the most common litigated cause in obstetrics since shoulder dystocia is associated with permanent birth-related neonatal injuries and maternal complications in majority of the cases
Periodic “skill drills” should be there for all the birth attendants for increasing awareness and training about shoulder dystocia.
Read more on Shoulder Dystocia: link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-10-4953-8_35
Read more of this book on 'Labour Room Emergencies', including, Induction, Fetal Surveillance, Instrumental delivery, Caesarean delivery, ruptured uterus, postpartum sepsis, and much more...
Is the Birth Injury Early Notification Scheme achieving its aim?
NHS Resolution launched the Early Notification Scheme, a national programme for the early reporting of infants born with a potential severe brain injury, on 1 April 2017... but is it achieving its aim?
Its stated aim is to:-“Support the stated government priorities to halve the rate of stillbirth, neonatal death and brain injury and improve the safety of maternity care while also responding to the needs to families where clinical negligence is identified including through early admissions of liability where appropriate. The scheme also aims to improve the experience for NHS staff by speeding up the legal process and rapidly sharing learning from avoidable harm.”
The report confirms that the scheme has already reduced the time taken from incident to investigation in some cases involving brain injuries at birth and has led to swift admissions of liability. However, there is still improvements to be made including:
ARTICLE & RESEARCH
Cord Clamping Timing Not Tied to Maternal Blood Loss in C-Section (But more research needed on cord milking in preterm infants, related study finds.)
Delayed Cord Clamping is a big discussion amongst parents these days leading to their birth... So let's learn a little more from a recent study...
There have been many studies regarding the health benefits of 'delayed cord clamping' for infants but limited data on maternal outcomes. This research measures the change in blood loss, hemoglobin levels, and intraventricular hemorrhage.
In Conclusion: Among women undergoing scheduled cesarean delivery of term singleton pregnancies, delayed umbilical cord clamping, compared with immediate cord clamping, resulted in no significant difference in the change in maternal hemoglobin level at postoperative day 1
Read more and view the results: www.medpagetoday.com/obgyn/pregnancy/83465
Full study: 'Effect of delayed verse immediate umbilical cord clamping on maternal blood loss in term cesarean delivery' jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2755613
Further Research: 'Association on umbilical cord milking verse umbilical cord clamping with death or severe intraventricular hemorrhage among pre-term infants. jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2755614
This Week in Maternity... Vaginal Delivery after Cesarean Section (VBAC) or a planned (elective) cesarean?
Planned mode of delivery after a previous cesarean section and short-term maternal and perinatal outcomes: A Population-based record linkage cohort study in Scotland.
NHS response to study: www.nhs.uk/news/pregnancy-and-child/planned-caesareans-safer-women-past-history-caesarean-sections/
This Week In Maternity... U.S Maternal Mortality rate increasing and its cause and Tips for getting through emotional and physical pain after a c-section
Maternal Mortality in the United States...
The U.S. maternal mortality rate has significantly increased from 7.2 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1987 to 16.7 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2016, and the data indicate that more than half of these deaths are preventable.
Unnecessary cesarean sections, limited receipt of proper prenatal and postnatal care, and racial or ethnic disparities are likely contributing to soaring mortality rates.
State maternal mortality review committees are increasingly considered necessary for collecting standardized data on pregnancy-related deaths and providing recommendations and strategies for effective interventions targeting quality and performance improvements.
Read more: www.americanactionforum.org/insight/maternal-mortality-in-the-united-states/#ixzz64Ml2jVrT
Tips for getting through Emotional and Physical Pain after a C-section (A Personal Story)
1. Remind yourself that Pain is temporary
2. Take it really easy the first few days- week to prevent any damage to the incision.
3. It is OK to have HELP during your recovery
4. Pay close attention to your feelings. De-brief your birth and talk to someone (like your midwife).
5. Don't allow a C-section to prevent you from enjoying your time as a mother and with your baby.
For more details: www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/tips-getting-emotional-physical-pain-181315199.html
The Fetal Pillow has undergone many Evidence based studies to show its effectiveness when handling a deeply impacted Fetal head at second stage Caesarean section. Studies have been performed worldwide and have shown the following results when using the Fetal Pillow:
- An improvement in Apgar score
- Decrease in Uterine extensions
- Lower mean intra-operative blood loss
- A decrease need for NICU or ICU
- A shorter duration of postpartum hospital admission
- Safe, effective and easy to use.
To view all evidence and studies on Fetal Pillow visit www.safeob.com/evidence.html
Further studies from the United States will be released in 2020. Keep posted.
This week in Maternity... Australia's popular Rural Medicine Event & Maintaining Maternity care in the U.S.A is vital to Rural Hospital stability
Rural Medicine Australia- Gold Coast Events, 24-26 October, 2019.
Rural Medicine Australia (RMA) is the peak national event for rural and remote doctors of Australia. Hosted by the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine (ACRRM) and the Rural Doctors Association of Australia (RDAA), RMA attracts a diverse and collaborative community of junior doctors, students, educators, academics, and medical practitioners who are passionate about generalist medicine in rural and remote communities. The event includes guest speakers presenting talks about Rural Maternity and a Rural Emergency Obstetrics Training (REOT) Workshop.
The event includes innovative and informative presentations, interactive workshops and social events, along with a heap of exhibitors... this is the biggest rural networking event of the year!
For more about the Event: rma.acrrm.org.au/about-rma
Rural Health policy Institute- Maintaining Maternity Care is vital to Rural Hospital Stability
Since 2011, 134 rural hospitals have dropped obstetric services and 18 rural hospitals offering obstetrics have closed. That means that in the past eight years, 152 rural communities across USA have lost access to maternity care.
"There are a variety of financial pressures from Medicare and Medicaid exerting downward pressure on rural hospital markets," said Howard. And unfortunately, policies associated with both of those public systems "disproportionally affect rural hospitals," she added.
Read on to learn how the institute are finding solutions to assist Rural Maternity units and creating financial stability: https://www.aafp.org/news/practice-professional-issues/20190213nrhamaternity.html
This Week in Maternity... Maternal-Assisted Cesareans- A more nurtured approach and Supporting Rural Midwifery Practice using mHealth
Australian Women fights to deliver her own daughter by Caesarean section
Australian woman Bec Secomb lay back on the operating table holding her arms aloft as her husband Josh stroked her forehead. She was about to help deliver her own baby via caesarean section."Okay, you can reach down now," she heard her obstetrician say.
It's not an option that can be routinely offered to all would-be mothers, and never for an emergency caesarean. But for a minority of Australian women who desperately want to give birth "naturally", the opportunity to be directly involved - literally hands-on - in the birth could be a game-changer when a vaginal birth is too risky for mother and baby.
Read full story here: https://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/parenting/baby/116181009/australian-woman-fights-to-deliver-her-own-daughter-by-caesarean-section
Supporting rural midwifery practice using a mobile health (mHealth) intervention: a qualitative descriptive study.
Geographic and digital isolation pose significant challenges to rural midwifery practice in a high income country such as Scotland. Midwives need to be involved in the development of m-health interventions for them to be acceptable and tailored to their needs in a rural and remote context.
The study highlights how m-health interventions can support continuous professional development whilst on the move with no internet connectivity. However, pride in current practice and unease with advances in mobile technology are barriers to the adoption of an m-health intervention. M-health interventions could be of value to other specialised healthcare practitioners in these regions, including general practitioners, to manage women with complications in their pregnancies.
Managing Medical and Obstetric Emergencies and Trauma Course (mMOET)
The mMOET course provides knowledge, skills and procedures to save mum and baby in life-threatening circumstances.
The aims of the course include:
Saving a Mother and her baby, Delivering a Miracle at Oak Hill Hospital
This Video offers a fascinating account of how healthcare professionals worked together save a mother and her baby after an amniotic fluid embolism was diagnosed...
Amniotic Fluid embolism is very rare and is when the amniotic fluid gets in to the blood stream causing life-threatening complications... Code Blue was called and it is amazing how the team at Oak Hill Hospital worked together to save mother and baby.
Below link to watch the full story:
Question: Sarah, Consultant O&G, Australia
I have used the pillow once and it was great. The case was an emergency Caesarean at full dilatation after failed instrumental. The Caesar was actually very straight forward and blood loss only 300ml. I was very impressed. My only question is...
"Can we perform a caesar with the woman in lithotomy if we are also using a Fetal Pillow?"
Reply: Peter Dawes, Director of Sales AUS/NZ
Our guideline / information for use (IFU) directs users of Fetal Pillow to place patients legs flat on operating table. This is once you have positioned the Fetal Pillow in the posterior position toward coccyx / posterior Fornix (Balloon under engaged part of fetal head… past any caput & moulding / any position of fetal head – station zero and below).
Still, there are some O&G MOs that perform E-CS in stirrups and/or position the legs in mid- lithotomy position… however we feel that this reduces the ability for the balloon to elevate the Fetal Head to its capacity and if over lubricate it could move due to addition space available.
Laying patients legs flat on operating table prior to inflation will assist to entrap the device between Fetal head and pelvic floor and gain best uplift, lesson the ability for the device to move during inflation process.
For further information on the 'Steps and Instructions for Use' of the Fetal Pillow please visit: https://www.safeob.com/fetalpillow.html#use